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    Apapedia

    We explain complicated terms, simplify perplexing topics. We create a knowledge database on smart construction, smart city and industrial technologies which change our every day, work and learning. Check out the APApedia, if you want to understand the modern technology!

    Big Data

    This term is applied to large and variable data sets, which are difficult or impossible to process without appropriate tools and systems – e.g. on-line monitoring or using building automation management and optimization systems. Information processing allows extraction of information valuable for the entity, related to the general nature and course of processes – e.g. About energy consumption, water consumption or on-line information flow. BigData is used in all disciplines where gathering of new digital information makes processes more efficient, allows extra savings or increased safety.

    IoT

    Internet of things is a term referring to a network of unambiguously identified items, which use a computer network to communicate, gather information, process information and combine into wider systems. This term may also be applied i.e. to household items, lighting products, but also to smart houses, healthcare network, industry or even whole cities. The basis for efficient operation and development of such networks lies in delivery of appropriate technologies and systems managing such a network, which allow the users to control such a netwok, also using mobile devices.

    BREEAM

    The BREEAM system is one of the standards in the real property sector in Europe and worldwide, widely used to by investors, developers and tenants. It is aimed at evaluation of building quality and its influence on the environment and defines a standard of best practices related to building design, construction and use. Measures used include such factors, as: energy efficiency, transport availability, waste management and use, water or heating management. Systems designed by APA Group are based on instructions of this system. BREEAM certificates are awarded by BRE (Building Research Establisment) Global on the basis of reports prepared by a licensed assessor.

    Smart City

    Smart City is a wide term used as a description of processes, technologies and systems aimed at increasing the convenience of life in cities and making the use of city infrastructure easier. It is usually used in the context of information-communication technologies and developed IT systems. Components of smart cities may include, for example, a smart parking system, city lighting, CCTV systems or all other elements of infrastructure supporting sustainable economic growth and high quality of life of city inhabitants. Smart city management is usually based on systems of the Nazca or Vision BMS type produced by APA Group

    Smart Building

    A residential, office or industrial building equipped with a network of sensors and detectors, integrated using a single, central system (Building Management System (BMS). A smart building can react to environmental changes occurring inside and outside, and to potential, external threats caused by e.g. burglary, flood or fire, thus increasing the comfort of relax and work of its residents, and their safety. The system installed in the building allows operational costs of the building to be minimized, or to limit the emission of harmful substances. Because of its scale, a BMS system may include integration and monitoring of systems, such as:

    • external and internal lighting control
    • ventilation, air conditioning and air quality control
    • room heating control
    • security and monitoring system control
    • home entertainment system control
    • water-wastewater system control
    • control of the fire extinguishing system and of many other factors

    Industry 4.0

    This term was used for the first time in 2011 during the prestigious fair in Hannover. Industry 4.0 is a general concept referring to “industrial revolution”, the fourth stage of technology and civilization development following the age of steam, electricity and computers. According to the assumptions of this term, this is the age when barriers at the human / machines interface seem to disappear, largely because of the development of the Internet. This term is directly related to mutual use of automation, cloud processing of large amounts of data and to Internet of things. It is an embodiment of the smart factory vision, which uses such technologies in its internal communication and in communication with human beings in order to perform the entrusted tasks in an intelligent and ergonomic manner.

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